The extract is recognized as carrageenan, a starch-like substance. This extract could be further differentiated into two types, k-carrageenan and I-carrageenan. The former type may be the gelling fraction; the latter form may be the non-gelling component.Irish moss has expectorant, demulcent, anti-inflammatory, anticoagulant, antihypertensive, immunosuppressive, and antidiarrheal properties.

It also inhibits the absorption of food, and may reduce serum cholesterol and possess antiviral activity. Irish moss is available as dried jellied fruit, jellies, puddings, raw leaves, and teas, in products such as for example Coreine, Gelcarin, Hydrogel, Seaspen, and Viscarin.Reported usesIrish moss is employed to soothe irritating coughs that result from various respiratory infections,

and to make bulky stools in patients with chronic diarrhea. Due to its demulcent properties, Irish moss can be used to take care of gastritis and peptic ulcer disease. Because it contains ammonium, calcium, magnesium, potassium and sodium esters of galactose and 3-G-anhydrogalactose copolymers it is also used as a nutritional supplement to facilitate recuperation in people that have debilitating diseases. Irish moss can also be found as an ingredient in weight-loss products.Irish moss is employed as a skin softener in commercial cosmetic products and lotions. It’s used topically to take care of anorectal symptoms. In manufacturing, Irish moss can be utilized as a binder,

emulsifier, thickener, and as a stabilizer in drugs, foods, and toothpaste .Administration a tea is prepared by boiling 1 oz (28 g) of dried plant in 1 to 2 pints of water for 10 to 15 minutes, and then straining. Dosage is 1 cup 2-3 times a day. Lemon, honey, ginger, or cinnamon may be included with improve the flavor. HazardsIrish moss could cause bleeding, hypotension, cramping, diarrhea, and infection. There is an increased risk of bleeding when Irish moss is employed concomitantly with anticoagulants. Irish moss may potentiate the hypotensive ramifications of antihypertensives. It might decrease the absorption of drugs.

Advise patient to separate administration times by at the least 2 hours .Pregnant or breast-feeding patients should avoid use fresh sun dried irish moss. Infants shouldn’t be provided with Irish moss because it could suppress the immune system. Patients with underlying bleeding disorders or hypotension should use Irish moss with caution. Clinical considerations Monitor blood pressure regularly through the span of therapy with Irish moss. Patient must also be monitored for signs and symptoms of patient receiving warfarin,

closely monitor prothrombin time and International Normalized Ratio.Tell patient to avoid taking Irish moss within 2 hours of other drugs.If patient is taking Irish moss by having an antihypertensive, instruct him to notify his health care provider if dizziness, light-headedness, or syncope occurs.If patient is using Irish moss to take care of diarrhea Feature Articles, advise him to consult his health care provider if the diarrhea persists for longer than 3 to 4 days. Caution patient to help keep Irish moss out from the reach of children.Avoid products which contain the degraded form of Irish moss because it’s been known to cause lesions in

in airtight containers in a cool place.Tell patient to notify pharmacist of any herbal or dietary supplement he is taking when obtaining a new prescription.Advise patient to consult his health care provider before utilizing an herbal preparation just because a conventional treatment with proven efficacy may be available.Research summaryThe concepts behind the usage of Irish moss and the claims made regarding its effects haven’t yet been validated scientifically.